|1.||Investigation of the Communication Skill Levels of Sports Club Managers|
Serap Çolak, Rıza Erdal, Zekiye Başaran, Enis Çolak, Nagehan Malkoç, Ayla Tekin Orha, Ozan Tavas
doi: 10.5505/jiasscience.2018.29392 Pages 319 - 324
When a manager is in good communication with other staff, both the staff will be happy emotionally and will bring success to the manager. Consequently, the aim of this study was to identify the communication skill levels of the sport managers with different education levels and to investigate the effect of these different educational levels on communication skills.
A "Communication skills scale" was applied to 124 volunteers sport managers. The different questions on the scale reflect the mental, behavioral and emotional communication skills. It was observed that the education level of the sport managers was distributed as elementary school, secondary school, high school, undergraduate degree and graduate degree.
As a result, no significant difference was found between the levels of communication skills of sport managers in relation with their age and gender (p>0,05). Furthermore, the general communication skill levels according to educational status of sport managers demonstrated significant difference (p˂0,05). University graduates are expected to increase their level of communication skills in terms of personal development owing both to their educational and pedagogical lessons and also as a result of the increasing communication with other persons.
|2.||Nutritional Supplements Use and Soccer Players Performance: A Review of the Literature|
Mazin Abdul sattar
doi: 10.5505/jiasscience.2018.35229 Pages 325 - 330
The current usage of various nutrition supplements among soccer players has resulted in different consequences. The literature showed the effect of certain nutrition supplements intake on players performance in a game play. This study therefore reviewed previous studies on the use of supplements intake among soccer players in order to understand the best- nutritional practices associated with better performance. A systematic review method was used to understand the current trends in using certain nutrition supplements and how such use can aid players performance. The results showed that various supplements programs are followed to achieve certain outcomes. Findings from this study can be used to aid sport decision makers about the potential of certain nutrition supplements in developing soccer players.
|3.||The Effects of Aerobic and Anaerobic Training on Aerobic and Anaerobic Capacity|
Hasan Sözen, Can Akyıldız
doi: 10.5505/jiasscience.2018.68077 Pages 331 - 337
Aerobic capacity is the capacity of large skeletal muscle groups to adapt to work by using energy obtained as a result of aerobic metabolism. VO2max is a good indicator of aerobic capacity and is considered to be an indicator of the physiological integration of pulmonary, cardiovascular and neuromuscular functions. Anaerobic capacity is the ability of the muscles to adapt to workouts in the form of very short duration, maximal and supramaximal physical activities. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of aerobic and anaerobic training methods on aerobic and anaerobic capacity. 8 women (age; 18.12 ± 0.35 years, BMI; 17.62 ± 2.60kg / m2, PBF; 16.01 ± 6.15%) and 8 men (age; 18.50 ± 1.19 years, BMI; 20.16 ± 1.43kg / m2; PBF; 12.20 ± 3.96%) participated in this study. The volunteers were randomly divided into aerobic (4 female, 4 male) and anaerobic (4 female, 4 male) groups. Volunteers participated in a total of 24 training seasons, 3 days per week over 8 weeks. The training programs. Involved running on a treadmill in the range of 60-70% maxHR for 1 hour on each training day for the aerobic group. The anaerobic training program included maxHR 80-90% on the treadmill (2*100, 2*200, 2*300, 1*400, 2*300, 2*200, 2*100 sprints) for 1 hour per season. In order to determine the aerobic performance of the volunteers, a bicycle ergometer (Monark LC6 novo, Varberg, Sweden) was used with a portable gas analyzer (Cosmed K5, Italy). In order to determine the anaerobic performance, a bicycle ergometer (Monark 874 E, Varberg, Sweden), which was connected to a computer modified for the Wingate Anerobic Power Test (WAnT) and compatible with an appropriate piece of software, was used. The study was planned in accordance with a pre-test and post-test model. For statistical evaluation of the data obtained, descriptive statistical methods such as frequency (f), arithmetic mean (X), and standard deviation (SD) were used. A paired-samples t-test was used for the evaluation of the data obtained from pre-test and post-test measurements. Independent samples t-test was used for the determination of differences between the sexes. The results were evaluated at the 0.05 significance level. Based on the findings, anaerobic training was observed to cause an increase in all components of anaerobic capacity. Significant differences were found in the anaerobic capacity components. It was found that anaerobic training caused a high level of difference in terms of aerobic capacity values, and thus increased aerobic capacity. It was observed that aerobic training had a positive effect on anaerobic capacity, anaerobic power and the fatigue index. Although aerobic training results in an increase in aerobic capacity of approximately 4%, this increase was not significant.
|4.||The Relationship Between Leadership Features and Critical Thinking: Ordu University Physical Education and Sports School Students Sample|
Hacı Ali Çakıcı
doi: 10.5505/jiasscience.2018.80774 Pages 338 - 345
The aim of this research is to determine the relationship between leadership features of physical education of sports school students and their critical thinking tendencies.The study group consisted of 344 students of physical education and sports at Ordu University.In this research, Leadership Orientation Scale and California Thinking Disposition Scale is used as data collection tool.The results of the study reveals positive and negative relations between the sub-dimensions and total scores between leadership and critical thinking disposition.According to results, it is found that there is a moderately positive relationship between analyticity sub-dimension scores and human-oriented,structure-oriented,transformational and charismatic and leadership scale total score sub-dimension scores and this relationship is statistically significant.Moreover, the lowest level of relationship between the leadership scale sub-dimension and total scores are determined between the curiosity sub-dimension.